18 - GVPT 11/18 MLK and Malcolm X Concept Theme: In context...

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GVPT 11/18 MLK and Malcolm X Concept Theme: In context of injustice, to use “the ballot or bullet,” violence or nonviolence Freedom Justice Equality Integration Separatism Non-violent direct action, civil disobedience Self Defense MLK January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968 Middle class upbringing in Atlanta Son of a pastor Morehouse College; Crozer theological seminary; Boston University for Ph.D. Pastor Dexter Ave Baptist Church Montgomery, Alabama (1954) Took leadership of Montgomery Bus boycott (1954-5) 1957, head if Southern Christian Leadership Conference Civil rights movement background Jim Crow: started after reconstruction in 1890s, segregation would divide society along strictly racial, hierarchical grounds for 60 years Brown vs. Board of Ed: unanimous opinions overturned Plessey v Ferguson. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal Bus boycott: sparked by Rosa Parks, economic protest growing black middle class, refused to ride public transportation Desegregation little rock high school: governor Orville Faubus uses national
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18 - GVPT 11/18 MLK and Malcolm X Concept Theme: In context...

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