enlightenment vocab

enlightenment vocab - Skepticism- an attitude marked by a...

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Skepticism- an attitude marked by a tendency to doubt what others accept to be true. Rationalism- the belief that reason and logic are the primary sources of knowledge and truth. Deism- a belief in God based on reason rather than revelation and involving the view that God has set the universe in motion but does not interfere with how it runs. Deism was especially influential in the 17th and 18th centuries. Voltaire- was a French Enlightenment writer, essayist , and philosopher known for his wit and his defense of civil liberties , including both freedom of religion and free trade . Denis Diderot- was a French philosopher , art critic and writer. He was a prominent figure during the Enlightenment and is best known for serving as chief editor of and contributor to the Encyclopédie . Rousseau- French political philosopher whose ideas influenced the French Revolution. Rousseau proposed that man is naturally good and that civilization causes man to become evil. The General Will, well my interpretation of the General Will, is that Rousseau believes that people will put a group of people’s needs before their own individual needs and as long as the group succeeds, the individual succeeds. Mr. McKenzie believes Rousseau is crazy. Baron de Montesquieu- French social commentator and political thinker who proposed the idea of the separation of powers. Immanuel Kant- 18 th century German philosopher, famous for his work with epistemology( philosophy concerned with the nature and limitations of knowledge ) , religion, law, and history. Rene Descartes- French philosopher and mathematician. Nicknamed the “Father of Modern Philosophy” and he is the creator of calculus. Adam Smith- Scottish moral philosopher and is the father of modern economics. Francois Quesnay- was a French economist and is described as being the first person to describe economics in an analytical way, which therefore opened up new economic ideas. Empiricism- the doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense experience. Francis Bacon- , was an English philosopher , statesman , scientist , lawyer , jurist , and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. Although his political career ended in disgrace, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific revolution Blaise Pascal- was a French mathematician , physicist , and religious philosopher . He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a civil servant . Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the construction of mechanical
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course HISTORY 506:110 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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enlightenment vocab - Skepticism- an attitude marked by a...

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