intro to phil 8

intro to phil 8 - Lockes Theory of Ideas Locke Proposes to...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Locke’s Theory of Ideas
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Locke Proposes to use introspection to gain an understanding of human knowledge. He wants to know where our knowledge comes from, and how secure it is. He wants to come to an understanding of our cognitive limitations.
Background image of page 2
Ideas People have ideas in their minds, e.g. an idea of sweetness , or whiteness and so on. Where do these ideas come from?
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Ideas Locke is an empiricist . For him, all ideas come from observations (i) of external objects through the senses; (ii) of the workings of our own minds through introspection.
Background image of page 4
Sensation 3.  First, our senses when applied to particular perceptible objects convey into  the mind many distinct perceptions of things, according to the different ways  in which the objects affect them. That is how we come by those ideas we  have of yellow, white, heat, cold, soft, hard, bitter, sweet, and all those that  we call sensible qualities. When I say the senses convey ∙these ideas∙ into the  mind, ∙I don’t mean that strictly and literally, because I don’t mean to say that  an idea actually  travels across  from the perceived object to the person’s  mind. Rather∙ I mean that through the senses external objects convey into the  mind  something that produces there  those perceptions [= ‘ideas’]. This great  source of most of the ideas we have I call SENSATION.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sensible Properties We get our ideas of sensible properties through the observation of external objects.
Background image of page 6
Reflection We get other kinds of ideas by introspection , or reflection . We reflect on the operations of our own minds
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 26

intro to phil 8 - Lockes Theory of Ideas Locke Proposes to...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online