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Chp 4 slides 11 - CHAPTER 4 THE MEANINGS AND DIMENSIONS OF...

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CHAPTER 4 THE MEANINGS AND DIMENSIONS OF CULTURE
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5-2 Characteristics of Culture Learned Culture is acquired by learning and experience Shared People as a member of a group, organization ,or society share culture Transgenerational Culture is cumulative, passed down from generation to generation Symbolic Culture is based on the human capacity to symbolize Patterned Culture has structure and is integrated Adaptive Culture is based on the human capacity to change or adapt
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5-3 How Cultures Affect Management Approaches u Decision Making- centralized vs decentralized u Risk Averse- safety vs risk u Rewards- individual vs group u Procedures-informal vs formal u Organizational Loyalty- high vs low u Co-operation vs Competition u Short term vs Long term view u Stability vs Innovation
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Business Customs in South Africa u South Africans prefer face-to-face meetings u Appointments are made in advance u Maintain eye contact, shake hands u Women given tests to prove competency u Men as ‘protectors’ u Clear business plans u Patience is important u Keep presentations short 5-4
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Priorities of Cultural Values
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5-6 Stereotyping from the Cultural Extremes
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Values in Transition u Japan: Lifetime employment Formal authority and obedience Group orientation Paternalism 5-7
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5-8 Hofstede’s Dimensions of Culture Power Distance (Large or Small) The extent to which less powerful members of institutions accept that power is distributed unequally u Large ( Mexico, South Korea, India) blindly obey order of superiors, large number of
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