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Chp 12 slides 11 - CHAPTER 12 MOTIVATION ACROSS CULTURES...

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CHAPTER 12 MOTIVATION ACROSS CULTURES
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Motivation A psychological process through which unsatisfied wants or leads lead to drives that are aimed at goals or incentives Levels of Motivation Sources of Motivation Categories of Motivation
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Universalist Assumption u The motivation process is the same across cultures but ways to motivate workers differ Incentives US - money Latin American countries - family, job status
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Assumption of Content and Process Content Theories u Explain work motivation in terms of what arouses, energizes, or initiates employee behavior Process Theories u Explain how employee behavior is initiated, redirected, and halted
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Self - Actualization Esteem Social Safety Physiological Desire to reach one’s full potential Need for power and status Need to interact and feel wanted by others Desire for security and stability Need for food, clothing, and shelter
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13- 6 Maslow and Management Self - Actualization Stress human potential, set and achieve attainable goals Esteem People need to feel important, promotion, awards Social Stress social interaction within work groups, people become friends Safety stress safety programs/ equipment, medical insurance, unemployment benefits Physiological stress salary, wages paid by organization
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Collectivist Need Hierarchy
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Top-Ranking Goals for Professional Technical Personnel
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