Chp 13 slides 11 - CHAPTER 13 LEADERSHIP ACROSS CULTURES...

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CHAPTER 13 LEADERSHIP ACROSS CULTURES
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Leaders vs Managers LEADERS MANAGERS Innovate Adminster Develop Maintain Inspire Control Long term view Short term view Ask what and why Ask how and when Originate Initiate Do the right things! Do things right!
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Theory X, Theory Y and Theory Z People do not like to work Workers have little ambition and like to be directed The primary need of employees is job security It is necessary to use coercion, control, and threats of punishment Theory Y Managers: Expending effort is a natural desire External control and punishment are not necessary Commitment is determined by the rewards Human beings learn not only to accept but to seek responsibility Theory X Managers: Theory X Managers: Workers seek opportunities to participate in management by teamwork and responsibility sharing
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Russian Managers Russian Managerial Beliefs about Work . Work can be made meaningful . Work can be made interesting . Increased leisure time is bad for society . Only those who depend on themselves get ahead in life Russian Gender Differences: Women use more participative leadership, humanistic focus and positive leisure ethic than men
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Leadership Behavior and Styles Authoritarian The use of work-centered behavior to ensure task accomplishment Paternalistic The use of work-centered behavior coupled with a protective employee centered concern Participative The use of both work-centered Democratic and people-centered More of an ideal approaches than reality
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Likert’s Systems of Leadership Exploitive Autocratic ( authoritarian ) Work centered Uses one way communication Used by Theory X managers No confidence or trust in subordinates Motivated by physical security,
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Chp 13 slides 11 - CHAPTER 13 LEADERSHIP ACROSS CULTURES...

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