US History post civil war - 601. Stephen A. Douglas A...

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601. Stephen A. Douglas A moderate, who introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854 and popularized the idea of popular sovereignty. 602. Popular Sovereignty The doctrine that stated that the people of a territory had the right to decide their own laws by voting. In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, popular sovereignty would decide whether a territory allowed slavery. 622. Election of 1860: candidates, parties, issues Republican - Abraham Lincoln. Democrat - Stephan A. Douglas, John C. Breckenridge. Constitutional Union - John Bell. Issues were slavery in the territories (Lincoln opposed adding any new slave states). 623. Democratic Party Conventions: Baltimore, Charleston The Democratic Party split North and South. The Northern Democratic convention was held in Baltimore and the Southern in Charleston. Douglas was the Northern candidate and Breckenridge was the Southern (they disagreed on slavery). 624. John Bell He was a moderate and wanted the union to stay together. After Southern states seceded from the Union, he urged the middle states to join the North. 625. John Breckinridge (1821-1875) Nominated by pro-slavers who had seceded from the Democratic convention, he was strongly for slavery and states' rights. 626. Republican Party: 1860 platform, supporter, leaders 1860 platform: free soil principles, a protective tariff. Supporters: anti-slavers, business, agriculture. Leaders: William M. Seward, Carl Shulz. 627. Buchanan and the Secession Crisis After Lincoln was elected, but before he was inaugurated, seven Southern states seceded. Buchanan, the lame duck president, decided to leave the problem for Lincoln to take care of. 628. Crittenden Compromise proposal A desperate measure to prevent the Civil War, introduced by John Crittenden, Senator from Kentucky, in December 1860. The bill offered a Constitutional amendment recognizing slavery in the territories south of the 36º30' line, noninterference by Congress with existing slavery, and compensation to the owners of fugitive slaves. Republicans, on the advice of Lincoln, defeated it. 629. Border states States bordering the North: Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri. They were slave states, but did not secede. 630. South's advantages in the Civil War Large land areas with long coasts, could afford to lose battles, and could export cotton for money. They were fighting a defensive war and only needed to keep the North out of their states to win. Also had the nation's best military leaders, and most of the existing military equipment and supplies. 631. North's advantages in the Civil War Larger numbers of troops, superior navy, better transportation, overwhelming financial and industrial reserves to create munitions and supplies, which eventually outstripped the South's initial material advantage. 632. Fort Sumter
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2011 for the course HISTORY 1102 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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US History post civil war - 601. Stephen A. Douglas A...

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