history final study guide - EXAM 1 IDS BLACK CODES WHATLaws...

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EXAM 1 ID’S BLACK CODES WHAT— Laws passed by southern states after the Civil War ended in 1865. They were aimed generally at restricting black opportunity and mobility. Not Jim Crow (segregation) laws. These came in the 1890s. SO WHAT— Came across in the North as an attempt to restore black servitude (reject war’s result, etc.), and the resulting backlash helped the Radicals gain support in Congress. SUBTREASURY PLAN WHAT— Alliance/Populist plan to allow farmers to store their crops in government warehouses and receive loans for up to 80 percent (or for up to a certain percentage) of the value of their crops at low interest rates (1% actually). SO WHAT— Showed farmers’ desire to get out from under the control of banks or lenders. Would also allow farmers to hold crops off the market until prices rose. They may also say it would increase the money supply because loan payments would be in new legal tender notes. HAYMARKET RIOT (1886) WHAT— Riot in Chicago’s Haymarket Square at a rally supporting striking workers at a nearby McCormick reaper plant. They may also say in support of labor’s call for an eight-hour day. Left several policemen and strikers dead. SO WHAT— Because of alleged anarchist involvement, it strengthened the public’s association of organized labor with political radicals. Blame fell most heavily on the Knights of Labor. “THE GREAT WHITE FLEET” WHAT— In defiance of Congress, Theodore Roosevelt sends Naval fleet (entire Navy, etc.) on a round-the-world cruise in order to show U.S. might, especially to the Japanese. SO WHAT— His defiance of Congress was an example of his strengthening the office of the presidency at Congress’s expense. They may also say the Japanese acted as if they were being honored by the U.S., but the previous point must be made for full credit. “EDUCATE, UPLIFT, CHRISTIANIZE” WHAT— McKinley’s explanation for why it was our duty to acquire the Philippines. SO WHAT— This shows how religious zeal and belief in spreading Anglo-Saxon civilization (white) contributed to our greater involvement in world affairs. CROP-LIEN SYSTEM WHAT— Crop-financing system in which, because of the low value of land, the crop itself became the collateral for the loan to grow it. SO WHAT—
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history final study guide - EXAM 1 IDS BLACK CODES WHATLaws...

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