post civil war history notes

post civil war history notes - After civil war, south has...

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After civil war, south has more power in congress - Slave = 3/5 of a citizen - After emancipation proclamation they counted as full citizens 1863 – Lincolns 10% Plan - Radicals included: Thaddeus stevens – Pennsylvania, Charles Sumner – Mass. Treated southerners like traitors and gave voting ability to former slaves = more power Loyalty oath to rejoin the union (only south) after civil war Wade Davis Bill 1864 - Different type of oath with harder punishment Timeline: January 1865 – 13 th amendment was passed March 1865 – Freedman’s Bureau April 1865 – Lee surrenders April 1865 – Lincoln dies (New President: Andrew Johnson) 1866 – 14 th amendment 1867 – 1 st reconstruction Act, divided south into 5 military districts 1867 – tenure of office act, senate has to approve removal of office 1868 – Impeachment process starts for Andrew Johnson 1868 – 1 st amendment to say “No state” (secures privileges) 1868 – Grant is elected 1869-70 – 15 th amendment, “race, color, or previous condition of servitude” 1874 – Democrats regain control of congress 1875 – Civil rights act (protects racial discrimination in businesses) =============================================================== Johnson sides with southerners, vetoes feedman’s extension - also vetoed civil rights bill *Grant scandals* Panic of 1873 Jay Crooke & company – collapse of bank (huge bank) Crop Lein – whoever holds the loan, offers up their crops as collateral (mortgage). Its an anticipated product. Not always safe/reliable
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Sharecropping – Making a deal with labor to work the land, in return, “I’ll house you and feed you.” Whatever you use will be subtracted from your pay at the end of the year. Interest was also added on these subtractions In order to get a viable loan, you had to grow a cash crop, such as cotton. Price of cotton also fluctuated so often, farmers would grow more for more money, or just to make the same. Post Civil War – ONLY cotton, no cotton? GTFO mate Labor surplus in south, no need for industrialization Urbanization 1860 – 1910 – Rural 2x, Urban 7x Immigrants from Europe = congestion, filth, corrupt politics Industrial revolution – 1860 – 1890, Manufacturing Capital Railroad Mileage, 30k – 193k miles, becomes corrupt Rebates – granted selectively
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2011 for the course HIST 2112 taught by Professor Sutter during the Fall '07 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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post civil war history notes - After civil war, south has...

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