Unformatted text preview: × 4, where you can have orthogonal matrices which are simultaneously rotations about diﬀerent axes, which cannot be written as a rotation about a single axis. 3. (3 points) Show that every matrix A ∈ M n × n with determinant 1 has a unique factorization A = RH where R is an orthogonal matrix with determinant 1 (ie, R T = R1 ) and H is a symmetric, positivedeﬁnite matrix with determinant 1 (that is, H T = H and h x,Hx i ≥ 0 for all x ∈ R n with equality if and only if x = 0). You may assume that every real symmetric matrix is real diagonalizable–a fact which we will hopefully discuss in class. 4. (3 points) Consider R n with its standard inner product. Let U and T be symmetric n × n matrices. Suppose that UT = TU . Show that there exists an orthonormal basis for R n consisting of eigenvectors for both U and T . In other words, we may simultaneously diagonalize U and T . 1...
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 Spring '10
 Peters
 Orthogonal matrix, orthogonal matrices

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