Med Surg Clinical Make-Up
Dec. 9, 2008
Diabetes is one of the most increasingly seen diseases in the United States. Type 1
diabetes is seen in young children and adults, and was once known as juvenile diabetes. In type
1, the endocrine system cannot produce insulin. Insulin is needed to convert sugar (glucose),
starches and other foods into energy for most of the body’s everyday needs. Diabetes is a word
that brings life long aggravation to mind but is a disease that can be controlled through tight
Although many live long healthy lives with Type 1 diabetes, there are many
complications associated with the disease. Hyperglycemia, for example, happens from time to
time to all people who have been diagnosed. It is a major cause of complications of diabetes. It is
characterized by a high blood sugar with insufficient amounts of insulin. May things can cause
hyperglycemia. Stress, illness, cold, flu, or even eating to much on a thanksgiving day could
cause hyperglycemia. It could be a serious problem if it goes untreated. For this reason, it is very
important to know the symptoms, and how to fix it.
The signs and symptoms of Type 1 diabetes include: polyuria (excess sugar in the urine),
polydipsia (dehydration), polyphagia (cell starvations), weakness, fatigue, sudden weight loss,
and DKA. It is important to check your blood glucose levels at certain times of the day as
prescribe by your doctor. If you fail to treat the hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis(diabetic coma)
could occur. It is a condition where your body breaks down fats for energy. Therefore, waste
products called ketones are produced. The body tries to rid of them through the urine.
Unfortunately, the body fails leading to a congestion of ketones in the body causing ketoacidosis.
It is a medical emergency and consists of shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, and dry mouth.