EARLY CHILDHOOD - During the first two years of life,...

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During the first two years of life, children quadruple their weight and increase their height by two-thirds. This rate slows down between 2 and 3 years when children grow only about 3.5 inches and gain only about 4 pounds. Between the ages 4 and 6, the increase in height slows still further and children grow only about 2.5 inches and gain 5 to 7 pounds on average. Because of the slower growth rate following age 2, most 3 and 4 year olds seem to eat less food (Kichura). Although normal children will follow similar growth patterns, there are wide individual variations. A child with a fast growth rate may complete full growth by 16 years of age, while a child with a slow growth rate may continue to gain in height and weight until age 20. A healthy environment is necessary for normal growth of the body, brain, and nervous system. The failure to thrive syndrome is a very good example of how children living with extended abuse or neglect might stop growing. This is because psychological stress caused by a bad social environment can lead to the pituitary gland not secreting growth hormones (Landers, 2011). Young children are not only growing physically during early childhood, but also
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2011 for the course ABS psy 304 taught by Professor Hubbs during the Spring '11 term at Ashford University.

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EARLY CHILDHOOD - During the first two years of life,...

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