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Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Work And Occupations Introduction...

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Chapter 11: Work And Occupations Introduction - Example of Suzy Shier where Debora De Angelis started a union to deal with the lack of respect shown by her managers and the unfair working conditions at the store o She was treated and paid as a part timer, but worked full time hours, and took up the responsibilities of her manager when he wasn’t around, she was also the top seller, yet she had to cope with ridiculous rules. o Retaliate: contacted a union called “UNITE” and that caught the attention of the top management officials from Montreal. Two out of three stores voted the union down thanks to successful management strategies. The First And Second Industrial Revolution - Revolutions – changes in the economy and the world of work. - First Industrial Revolution: o Started in late 18 th century in England o When land owners started to use their land for sheep grazing and growth of cash crops, the peasant farmers were displaced and had to migrate to urban areas to look for jobs in emerging factories and artisan shops o Under Feudalism, farmers produced enough to meet their own needs whichever way they had wanted, but after the Industrial Revolution they converted to wage-earning factory workers- i.e. they worked for others and did not control their own work schedules. o Industrial Revolution brought about the concept of Division of Labor. Division of Labor- work done previously by craftsmen was broken down into smaller components so that cheaper, semi-skilled workers could perform the jobs. o Canada – occurred later than Europe or USA (Early 20 th Century) - Second Industrial Revolution: o Early 20 th century o Rise of Consolidated Industries (large companies bought smaller ones) o Simultaneously an “Administrative Revolution” took place, and it transformed office work. White Collar job sector and the growth of bureaucratic organizations took place in order to efficiently manage vast amounts of information produced by companies. o Further increase in Division of Labor took place. Work In The Service Economy - Many researchers argue that the growth of the service sector is the Third Industrial Revolution - Many factors pushed manufacturing jobs out of Canada and created space for the growth of the service sector: o Increased global competitiveness, leading to the lowering of labor costs o Global markets facilitated the movement of goods-production to other countries where labor and resources are cheaper. o New jobs emerged in the service sector, as a result.
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This is the post-industrial economy. Daniel Bell (1973) predicted that work would be transformed from repetitive, low- skilled production work to highly-skilled, knowledge based work. But we are witnessing a rise in low-skill, low-paying service jobs and a rise in unemployment.
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