sociology78910 - Chapter 7: Introduction: Social Roles: The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7: Introduction: Social Roles: The expected behaviors of people occupying particular social positions. Three main arenas of Gender Inequality: o Home o Labour Force o Politics Gender Inequality: Inequalities between men and women are gender inequalities. It is gender inequality and not sex inequality because gender refers to the social meaning where as sex refers to biological charateristics of men and women. Gender is found in social roles, in daily interactions, and in institutions. Gender Stereotypes: From birth children are raised a certain way. From the toys they are given to play with to the way they interact with media and people. They learn to distinguish traits and activities that are masculine or feminine. Gender Stereotypes: Oversimplified beliefs about how men and women, by virtue of their physical sex, possess different personality traits and, as a result, may behave differently and experience the world in different ways. Gender related identities and behaviors are socially constructed. The fact gender is learned and its content is continually renewed and altered through social interaction has three consequences: Gender identities and behaviors are not stable and fixed. What people take to be masculine or feminine varies from one society to the next and, within any given society, over time. Gender identities (the internalized sense of being a man or a woman and gender specific behaviors need not be congruent with the sex assigned to individuals at birth. Just like sexuality and sex, gender identities and behaviors are not polar opposites. Images of masculinity and femininity often emphasize opportunities but there are in fact degrees of masculinity and femininity. Women and Men are considered to be opposites. Two things can be taken out of this fact: Idea of difference is a powerful one and hard to dispel. 2. In these polarized depictions feminine traits are less desirable. Dimensions of inequality: Gender stereotypes make up our attitudes about girls and boys, men and women and they are used to determine the ideologies that perpetuate gender inequalities. Gender inequalities: Sociologists call it a hierarchical asymmetries between men and women with respect to the distribution of power material, well being and prestige. On average male get more power, well being and prestige.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Power: The capacity to impose your will on others, regardless of any resistance they might offer. Ability to control, manipulate or influence others. It’s only individual power, but also the control or support of a group to control a situation. Material Well Being: Access to economic resources needed to pay for food, clothing, housing and other possessions and advantages. Work related earnings
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/08/2011 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Coulaguori during the Fall '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

Page1 / 36

sociology78910 - Chapter 7: Introduction: Social Roles: The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online