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Chap017-baker 5

Chap017-baker 5 - fiscal year and they cannot legally be...

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Chapter 17 - Governmental Entities: Introduction and General Fund Accounting 17-5 SOLUTIONS TO CASES C17-1 Budget Theory a. A governmental accounting system must make it possible to: 1. Present fairly and with full disclosure, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, the financial position and results of financial operations of the funds and account groups of the governmental unit. 2. Determine and demonstrate compliance with finance-related legal and contractual provisions. Because the legislative body enacts the budget into law, the budget is recorded in the accounts of a governmental unit. This enables a governmental unit to show legal compliance with the budget by providing an accounting system that measures actual expenditures and obligations against amounts appropriated and actual revenue against estimated revenue. Appropriations enacted into law constitute maximum expenditure authorizations during the
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Unformatted text preview: fiscal year, and they cannot legally be exceeded unless subsequently amended by the legislative body. b. As the new fiscal year begins, the budget, already enacted in law by the legislative body, is recorded. Budgetary accounts are set up to record the estimated revenue and appropriations in the fund accounts by debiting estimated revenue and crediting appropriations. If there is a difference between estimated revenue and appropriations, the excess or deficit is credited or debited, respectively, to fund balance. In addition, subsidiary ledger accounts are maintained for estimated revenue by source and for appropriation/expenditure items. At the end of the fiscal year, the estimated revenue and the appropriations accounts are among other budgetary accounts closed out to the budgetary fund balance....
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