AP History Review - 22:16 Columbus 1-5 million Native...

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22:16 Columbus 1-5 million Native Americans Bering Strait Land bridge connected North America and South America Indians Term given by Columbus because he thought he was in India Trade Gold and some of silver Transcontinental exchange; old world to new world Conquistadors Spanish conqueror Spanish Armada English sink Armada and weakens Spanish belief that they are good British knows they are the best now Lead to British superior Colonization Labor force 3 Advantages Superior weapons Diseases
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Horses Spanish Territory Christianity establishing Impacts Florida and Caribbean( main crop is sugar) England Raleigh Tobacco planted in the middle colonies Lost Colony When people came to rescue, found Croatan written on trees(Indian group) Roanoke leaders were John White and John Wolfe Named after Indian group/ river Jamestown First colony Established because of James I in 1609 In 1613, there were no supplies Virginia Company Joint stock company Investors left invest in it; wanted to go to American to make more money Captain Smith First leader Leadership holds Jamestown together
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Colonies 1. Royal- given by King and ruled by him 2. Proprietary- ran by a proprietor and appointed by King or by joint stock companies 3. Charter- given as chartered (permission to occupy) to people who were going to start business in colonies Powhatan Confederacy Indian leader with control of most Indians Crops Mutual exchange Maize Chesapeake Consisted of Maryland and Virginia Grew tobacco Also called the Middle Colonies Indentured servant 7 years changed to 10 than t0 6 then to whatever the person’s choice is in response they got to come to America so it was beneficial to them Headright system Virginia Company gave plots of lad who brought servants depending how many he brought, the more land they get Slavery Put indentured servants out Economics drove the whole systems
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Cheap labor Mts. Made trouble, north was too cold, had to go south but there were Spanish there Then they discovered that tobacco doesn’t grow too well there So they started growing cotton In SC, they grew indigo Colonies Plymouth Massachusetts Plymouth, Plymouth rock, or Plymouth colony Pilgrims Pilgrimage to America First group to come on ship called Mayflower Separatists Separates from Church of England Mayflower compact First set of laws Massachusetts Bay (Congressionalist) Puritans that got away from Evangelical church Reform and congregate together Can’t go against church “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop
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Puritan city Thought it was an ideal city for Puritans People had to covenant with God Williams and Hutchison Rhode Island and Connecticut Freedom of religion Change puritan ideals Other colonies Pennsylvania Opened state to anyone that wanted a different church from where they lived
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AP History Review - 22:16 Columbus 1-5 million Native...

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