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Unformatted text preview: Cards from the Cambridge Articles 21:57 1) China, the original nuclear rouge viewed its acquisition of nuclear weapons as self-defense. After the detonation of its nuclear weapon, China announced, This is a major achievement of the Chinese people in their struggle to increase their national defense capability and oppose the US imperialist policy of nuclear blackmail and nuclear threats. To defend oneself is an inalienable right of every sovereign state. And to safeguard world peace is the common task of all peace-loving countries. China cannot remain idle and do nothing in the face of the ever-increasing nuclear threat posed by the United States. China is forced to conduct nuclear tests and develop nuclear weapons. The development of nuclear weapons by China is for defense and for protecting the Chinese people from the danger of the United States launching a nuclear war. The Chinese government hereby solemnly declares that China will never at any time and under any circumstances be the first to use nuclear weapons. In its perception, Chinas development of nuclear weapons was lawful under the right of self-defense in international law. The United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, along with 105 other member states of the world community, attempted to limit the scope of the right of self- defense by prohibiting the proliferation of nuclear weapons with the Limited Test-Ban Treaty of 1963. However, the proposed norm of international law was rejected by both China and France, both of which decided to continue their development of nuclear weapons on the grounds of self-defense. 2) Self-defense requires proof of necessity and proportionality according to international law....
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2011 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Coakley during the Spring '11 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.
- Spring '11