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Chapter Overview

Chapter Overview - ChapterOverview: o TheFrankishKingdoms...

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Chapter Overview: Europe in the Middle Ages 20:30 o The Frankish Kingdoms Clovis’s death Divided his kingdom between his sons they spilt into two groups over the years The Merovingians and the Carolingians Civil Wars between the two Carolingian’s win Pippin takes rule (751 – 758) Consolidates the kingdom His son Charles takes his place Charlemagne Builds an incredible empire that consolidated much of continental Europe He was a great intellectual as well as a warrior Carolingian Renaissance Set the stage for the renaissance of the 1400’s Left Empire to Louie the Pious his son Louie Fights with his brothers for control of the empire The Empire is divided between them into 3 sections This is the beginning of the monarchical stage
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o The Feudal System Essential for Europe to turn itself around The means that’s employed to make the transition for a warrior aristocracy to  a more civilized form of government How Feudalism Works o The Lord King doesn’t have the power to regulate his entire kingdom This job is given to the Lords The Lords higher Knights to protect his land in exchange  for land The knights train squires who are junior guards This relationship between the Lord and the Knights is know as the feudal relationship The Manor Farmers had no security and couldn’t protect themselves Serfdom The Lord would give the farmers protection in exchange for their land The farmers could continue to work their land but had to give a part of the harvest to the  Lord These farmers where called Serfs o The Vikings (800 AD – 1000 AD) Longboats o Very steady thin boats
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o Went up tributaries and terrorized most of Europe Europe Unites against the Vikings  Some economic advantages For years monasteries horded wealth and it was taken form them and redistributed  during the Viking attacks After the Viking attacks end Europe is very militaristic There are many left over young men wanting to kill people This causes much civil unrest The Pope tells these armed soldiers to attack the Holy Land
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