Debate CArds

Debate CArds - 1 Family immigration in the United States In...

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1) Family immigration in the United States In 2005 family immigration of one kind or another accounted on average for half of all legal immigration to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries (SOPEMI, 2007). The proportion varies from over two-thirds in the USA, a little less in Canada, Australia and France, just under half in Germany, to less than one-third in the UK.1 Family migration as a proportion of total immigration depends not only, as one would expect, on the size of the existing population of immigrants, but also on states’ policies, which vary considerably. In the USA, citizens can introduce immediate family (including parents) without restriction, and can sponsor a range of other family relationships according to capped preference categories , including siblings and adult (non-dependent) children .2 The preference entry system also allows permanent residents to sponsor family members (after the adult children of citizens ), but this is a much slower process, subject to considerable backlog s. 3 Family migration is somewhat less dominant in European states, which tend to have a more restrictive de±nition of family as spouses and dependent children.4 2) Family reunification is no longer as simple as a simple male worker being join by a wife and kid. Family migration has come to constitute such a signi±cant proportion of overall migration because of limits on other grounds for entry, and follows from along-term pattern of individual migration. But contemporary family migration does not conform to the conventional image of a single male worker being joined by wife and children. It includes simultaneous whole family migration in settler states; female-led migration where husbands are joining, and (where policies allow) cohabiting partners, both heterosexual and homosexual; parents and grandparents; other dependants of various ages and degrees of relationship; the parents of minor children who are citizens (born in us soli countries); and members of dissolved or reconstituted families. It gives rise to a range of issues thrown up by the fact that migration is no longer typically a single movement but a ‘transnational’ process involving repeated mobility, both circular (between receiving and original countries) and to third countries. 3) To curtail family immigration would be a huge burden on the state Few things are more important than being allowed to reside with one’s spouse and dependent children. To require a state to curtail their entrance would be to ask it to bear a very heavy burden. Even refugees would be hard pressed to deny the force of the claim of families to be together (Gibney, 2004, p. 243). 4) Family life in a human right
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Debate CArds - 1 Family immigration in the United States In...

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