Final Exam Study Guide - The Meadows School Final...

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The Meadows School Ancient History Final Examination Study Guide Mr. Knutsen Introductory Units 1) Importance of Context (Summer Reading): a) Humans are the most complex beings that we know of a.i) Complexity is a state of intricacy, complication, variety, or involvement, as in the interconnected parts of a structure; the quality of having many interacting different components a.ii)This is a rare occurrence in the universe (a.ii.1) Any animal at the top of the food chain has to be rare (a.ii.2) The more complex a society the more energy it consumes (a.ii.3) Paleolithic societies consumed 30,000 calories per person per day while modern humans consumer over 1.5 billion (a.ii.3.a) This implies an extremely high level of complexity b) Everything is highly dependent on how you look at it b.i) People of faith believed that the earth and humans were the center of the universe b.ii) This was disproved by scientists who proved that the earth revolved around the sun and that we are largely insignificant compared to our universe c) We have to look at humans as a single, coherent unit rather that a collection of particular stories or different communities c.i) Paleolithic vs. Modern (c.i.1) Even though modern humans are much more advanced we must view them in the same way (c.i.2) We have to get rid of our cultural baggage and evaluate others through their culture, not ours (c.i.2.a) The pacific islanders (c.i.2.a.i) They eat their parents and while judging this through our culture it is disgusting, through their culture it is a means of survival d) Entropy d.i) Order is rare in our universe 10/10/11 Page 1 of 24
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The Meadows School Ancient History Final Examination Study Guide Mr. Knutsen (d.i.1) Things can’t maintain a high level of order or complexity (d.i.1.a)The natural flow of the universe is to go form ordered to disordered e) Collective Memory e.i) This is what distinguished humans form all other creatures (e.i.1) Our ability to pass down information with great precision (e.i.2) Knowledge can be pass from generation to generation quickly and easily (e.i.2.a) Much faster than genetic adaptation (e.i.2.b)Passed down orally or written 2) Units of Analysis (Definition and Importance) a) History is to broad of a subject to be looked at all at once a.i) It must be framed and limited to something manageable (a.i.1) Units of analysis (a.i.1.a) History of a Nation, Civilization, Regions, Language frames, Systems, Seas and Ocean Basins 3) Different Conceptions of ”Time” a) We think of time as a linear function a.i) Moves at the same rate in one direction 10/10/11 Page 2 of 24
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The Meadows School Ancient History Final Examination Study Guide Mr. Knutsen b) Chinese saw time as a cyclical cycle b.i) The rise and fall of dynasties c) Event Based c.i) After a war, natural disaster, disease, ect. 4)
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2011 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Coakley during the Spring '11 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Final Exam Study Guide - The Meadows School Final...

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