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Running head: MINDFULNESS, EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE STRESS AND BURNOUT 1 Contribution of Mindfulness and Emotional Intelligence in reducing Stress and Burnout in Mental health workers. Maninder Gill Yorkville University PSYC 6123: Research Methods November 11, 2019 Dr. George Davy Veera Table of Contents
MINDFULNESS, EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE STRESS AND BURNOUT 2 Abstract ................................................................................................................................ 3 Introduction……………………………………………………………………………… 4 Background……………………………………………………………………………… 4 Problem Statement………………………………………………………………………...6 Literature Review………………………………………………………………………….6 Mindfulness and Emotional Intelligence ……………………………………………….8 Stress and Burnout. ........................................................................................................ 9 Summary and Implications ................................................................................................ 10 Ideas for Future Research .................................................................................................. 11 Conclusion ......................................................................................................................... 12 References .......................................................................................................................... 13
MINDFULNESS, EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE STRESS AND BURNOUT 3 Abstract Mindfulness and Emotional Intelligence (EI) have been proved to be effective in decreasing the stress and burnout in mental health workers. The research assessing the effectiveness of Mindfulness and Emotional Intelligence has evolved extensively in the last twenty years, but the study involving its impact on stress and burnout on mental health workers is relatively new. However, it is showing that mindfulness and emotional intelligence may be prophylactic for the stress and burnout in mental health care workers . Several quantitative and qualitative studies have been performed to present a comprehensive explanation of the impact of mindfulness and emotional intelligence on the stress and burnout experienced by mental health professionals. The Implications and limitations, as well as future directions and opportunities for the research, will be discussed in this paper. Keywords : Mindfulness, Emotional Intelligence, Stress, Burnout, Mental Health Professionals, Self-awareness.
MINDFULNESS, EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE STRESS AND BURNOUT 4 Contribution of Mindfulness and Emotional Intelligence in reducing Stress and Burnout in Mental health workers. Stress and burnout is an occupational hazard, it affects one's personal and professional well-being and lead towards emotional and psychological exhaustion, depersonalization, and decreased satisfaction (Maslach, Jackson, & Leiter, 1996; as cited in Testa & Sangganjanavanich, 2016). Burnouts happen when there is an increase in emotional labour and a decrease in emotional intelligence. Mental health workers do work as counselling, therapeutic activities, and education, which requires high expertise as compared to staff in general wards because of frequent psychological emergencies such as suicide or violence (Kwon & Kim, 2015). Emotional intelligence (EI) is a quantifiable intelligence; it illustrates the correlation between personal and social competencies. There are four elements of EI, self-awareness, Self-management, Social awareness and Relation management. Emotional intelligence is proved to be improved by mindfulness (Loach, 2018). A higher level of mindfulness is associated with greater emotional intelligence, positive affect, increased life satisfaction and lowered negative effect (Schutte & Malouff, 2011). The existing literature will be compared based on research design and

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