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T – Justice

T – Justice - 3 Progress – Even if you...

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T – Justice A. Counter-interpretation: Oxford American defines justice as “the quality of being fair and reasonable,” which implies giving each their due. B. Violation: The aff’s definition of justice is derived from a sociopolitical source. C. Standards 1. Common usage – Their interpretation of justice is only found in the theories of a few radical philosophers. It’s un-educational because there’s no in-round clash when their nonsensical, counterintuitive definition is inaccessible. Instead, prefer dictionary definitions because they provide common ground for pre-round research. 2. Predictability – Deriving a theoretical definition from an article by a radical philosopher is unpredictable because every other debater takes definitions from either a dictionary or topic literature. Their sociopolitical stance is unpredictable because it’s a theory, not a definition.
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Unformatted text preview: 3. Progress – Even if you think their definition is legitimate, you should still vote for the counter-interpretation in order to move towards a better justice. We ought to give each his due because there is nothing fairer or morally commendable. 4. Ground – the point of their case is to hijack literature 5. Policy-guiding – D. Voters: Fairness is a pre-standard reason to vote because debate is a competitive activity that needs to rules to deter abusive incentives to win. Education is a pre-standard reason to vote affirmative because debate is an education activity. Allowing these arguments to prevail will destabilize debate’s legitimate work ethic. And because schools will fund debate only if it’s an educational activity, eliminating that characteristic would destroy the activity...
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