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OUTLINE – Modules 17

OUTLINE – Modules 17 - OUTLINE 19 LEARNING...

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OUTLINE – Modules 17, 18, 19 LEARNING LEARNING 1. What is learning? 2. Classical (Pavlovian) conditioning 3. Operant Conditioning 4. Observational Learning LEARNING – A Definition Any relatively permanent change in behavior produced by experience. (Direct or indirect experience) Associative Learning: • A process in which you form associations between stimuli and other events • By forming associations, we acquire new information and meaning and we behave differently. Ex. Gas pedal car moves Brake pedal the car stops CLASSICAL CONDITIONING The Unconditioned Reflex Pavlov’s Dogs 1. Dog is hungry 2. Dog sees food 3. Dog salivates Food Salivation
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Unconditional Reflex: Food (US) Salivation(UR)Unconditioned response Unconditioned: Stimulus and response occur naturally, hard wired Unconditioned Stimulus UCS: (Food) starts the chain Unconditioned Response UCR : (Salivating) ends the chain CLASSICAL CONDITIONING The Conditioned Reflex 1. Dog is hungry 2. Dog hears bell 3. Dog sees food 4. Dog Salivates Condition Reflex: not present at birth (learned( impermanent Bell(CS) Salivation (CR) 1.
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