OUTLINE – Modules 17

OUTLINE – Modules 17 - OUTLINE Modules 17, 18,...

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OUTLINE – Modules 17, 18, 19 LEARNING LEARNING 1. What is learning? 2. Classical (Pavlovian) conditioning 3. Operant Conditioning 4. Observational Learning LEARNING – A Definition Any relatively permanent change in behavior produced by experience. (Direct or indirect experience) Associative Learning: • A process in which you form associations between stimuli and other events • By forming associations, we acquire new information and meaning and we behave differently. Ex. Gas pedal car moves Brake pedal the car stops CLASSICAL CONDITIONING The Unconditioned Reflex Pavlov’s Dogs 1. Dog is hungry 2. Dog sees food 3. Dog salivates Food Salivation
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Unconditional Reflex: Food (US) Salivation(UR)Unconditioned response Unconditioned: Stimulus and response occur naturally, hard wired Unconditioned Stimulus UCS: (Food) starts the chain Unconditioned Response UCR : (Salivating) ends the chain CLASSICAL CONDITIONING The Conditioned Reflex 1. Dog is hungry 2. Dog hears bell 3. Dog sees food 4. Dog Salivates Condition Reflex: not present at birth (learned( impermanent Bell(CS) Salivation (CR) 1. Conditioned Stimulus CS: (Bell) Some aspect of the environment that we learn to respond to because it has been
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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OUTLINE – Modules 17 - OUTLINE Modules 17, 18,...

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