sociology notes - OUTLINE Modules 4, 5, 6, 56, 57...

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OUTLINE – Modules 4, 5, 6, 56, 57 Psychological Research 1. The need for psychological science A. problems with common sense The Need for Psychological Science (Limits/Problems of common sense) 1. Overconfidence-we think we know more than we do 2. Hindsight bias- after you know the outcome of an event you tend to believe that you would have predicted it. *Both are commonsense but not always true, why we need psych. FALSE research suggests that people w. high self-esteem are more susceptible to flattery than those w. low self esteem. .we believed it because she said it, etc.etc. “I knew it all along…” 2. Research Methods in Psychology The scientific method Descriptive research Correlational research Experimentation
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*needs to be testable Where do hypotheses come from?- Dissatisfaction with other’s theories New questions about research Personal Observation You have to test your hypothesis-Research Methods: Descriptive – Description - What is the nature of the phenomenon? Describe whats going one Correlational – Prediction – From knowing X can we predict Y? Can you predict what will happen? Experimental –
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 103 taught by Professor Kimberlylyons during the Fall '09 term at UMass (Amherst).

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sociology notes - OUTLINE Modules 4, 5, 6, 56, 57...

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