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Abnormal Psychology 1 - Abnormal Psychology Topic...

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Abnormal Psychology Topic: paraphilia Studying how behavior develops psychopathology What goes wrong-deviating from the norm Models for studying o Science practitioner model In order to do our job we need to be scientists and practical History Where you think a disorder comes from determines how you treat the disorder 3 traditions o Supernatural Weakness within the person Or given by someone/something Treated by torture for cleansing a person Crude surgeries—drill into skull to relive Spirits battle in good/evil making person this way Lunatic comes from lunar o Biological Being born that way Medical reason Still prevalent today 400 B.C. – chemical imbalance in brain/body 4 basic bodily fluids If one or more were out of balance you would get a specific disorder
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Also impacted the way they treated people Things in environment (family, stress, etc.) o Psychological 19 th century Discovered syphilis Start psychotic-paralyzed then pass away Rise of moral therapy We need to treat these people as normal human beings They secluded them from history before They needed to teach them social norms Dorthia Dex o Mental hygiene movement o More one on one with patients o Everyone needs to have a right for mental health care Freud o Psychoanalytic theory defense mechanisms Coping with conflict Looking at internal conflicts w/ id, ego and superego o Humanistic theory People strive to reach their best self o Behavior Model Conditioning- classical/operant Classical: form of learning: pavlovs dog
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o Unconditioned stimuli: meat o Conditioned stimulus: bell Operant: behaviors are increased or decreased by reinforcement o POSITIVE: giving something o Negative: stopping something that’s bad o Conflicts in the unconscious o Focuses on internal events o Structure of the mind Id- impulses-what you really want- Seek pleasure avoid pain Ego- balances both Superego- conscious Chapter 2: an integrative approach to psychopathology One-dimensional vs. multidimensional models o One dimensional Explain behavior in terms of a single cause o Multidimensional models “system” of influences that cause and maintain suffering Draws upon information from several sources Where we are at now Major influences Biological Behavioral Emotional Social and cultural Developmental
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See chart in book/slides o Genetic contributions to psychopathology Generally less that 50% Most disorders are influenced by multiple genes Environment can trigger genetic invulnerability o
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