*You probably need to write more than a page, and write everything that you know- don’t
assume he knows anything.
*Essays are 75% of the midterm, so don’t spend a lot of time on the IDs (probably 15
*Don’t waste a lot of time on intro- don’t even do one.
Essay Number 1:
How was it that thirteen separate British colonies, comprised of diverse populations, were able to
come together, first, to fight and win a revolution and, second, to arrive at a consensus on a new
form of government?
Outline first the elements that divided colonists, then the ways the
colonists were able to overcome those divisions in support of the war and then the Constitution
Elements that divided colonists:
Slavery (north v. south)
Both wanted slavery, but the south more so. (northern terrain not suited for farms)
Commerce versus agriculture
Conflicted because laws would favor one side or the other. (protectionist trade
Rural versus urban
Farms and dispersed population versus concentrated diverse population.
Infrastructure would lead supplies, ideas, troops to be harder to get to rural areas.
(because roads, etc. would make it harder to transport to the rural areas)
Urban areas got hit harder during revolution.
Many different religions: puritan, catholic, Unitarians, Anglicans, Deism,
Protestants, Quakers all disagreed with each other.
All wanted their specific religion to be the main one in their town. (for the most
part) Most colonies did have an official established church, usually church of England.
Land disputes (Westerners had different ideas of property rights than Indians did:
Indians thought that the Earth was everyone’s, as opposed to the western idea that land is a
commodity that we can buy or sell.),
what is it okay for whites and Indians to do?
expansion- domino effect, some colonies wanted to kick Indians out all together.
Albany Congress: all colonies wanted different policies
English, Dutch, Swedes, Scotts-Irish, French.
Wealthy Plantations (gentry), rich Merchants, Middle Class merchants, Indentured
For the most part, it was either the wealthy or the poor- not really a middle class
Three Sections: New England, South, Middle Colonies