FDNSTest4StudyGuide - Dr Lee Fall 2010 Test 4 Food...

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Dr. Lee, Fall 2010 Test 4 Food Environments Know the factors contributing to the “obesogenic environment” · Obesogenic– a recently coined term meaning the environment that sets people up for weight gain. FACTORS- - Increase in the use of fats - High number and variety or inexpensive, high calorie food items - Physical inactivity - Use of cars (instead of walking) Know the characteristics and health affects of food deserts · Definition of food deserts: areas with lack of access to food stores, either due to lack of availability or lack of accessibility · Characteristics- o Higher individual and family poverty rates o Lower median family incomes o Greater percentages of residents living in rural areas o Higher numbers of small grocers and convenience stores per capita * Health Effects - food deserts may restrict availability and affordability of foods that may affect dietary intake and health - people living in these food deserts are less likely to get their recommended daily value of many nutrients/healthy food Know how policy, food systems and public health interact with each other - Government policies affect what crops are grown on American farmland - farmers must create economically stable food - farmers must maintain a low price/max production of certain commodity crops -Food products have provided low cost, convenient, high energy density, and appealing tasty foods - Americans are eating more food, most of which is unhealthy and having more health problems -Industrialized agriculture has posed a critical risk to agro-ecosystem health Know what food processing is, why we do it, and what happens to the food · 1) Many foods are highly-processed. · 2) Food that undergoes canning, freezing, or dehydrating techniques to extend shelf-life or shorten preparation time · 3) To make processed food tasty with a good mouth-feel, producers add extra fat, sweeteners, and flavors. 4) Energy density is increased in food supply and affects taste, food intake, and short-term
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weight gain 5) High energy/low nutrient dense food = 30% of typical diet Food Service at UGA Know the nutrition-related services (e.g. dietary counseling) offered through UGA food services · Nutrition counseling with registered dietitian · Eating smart class · Weekly table tents · Nutrition labels · Sack lunches: students with class or work conflicts Nutrition Education Stations counseling for food allergies and medical nutrition therapy food fact finder Know how UGA food services are practicing sustainability - The dining halls recycle EVERYTHING that can be recycled (e.g. cooking oil) ·They give all of their leftovers that have not been out on the serving line to help feed the homeless in Athens They also give their dented cans to the food bank use locally grown food if available (no shipping costs and less packaging) The Pulper system- all of the food from trays is thrown into a trough and is compressed to a “pulp” therefore reducing the amount of space that it would take up Know some of the healthy choices and substitutions you can make in the dining halls
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FDNSTest4StudyGuide - Dr Lee Fall 2010 Test 4 Food...

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