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Study Guide - FDNS 2100 Final Exam Study Guide Alcohol and...

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FDNS 2100 Final Exam Study Guide Alcohol and Nutrition a.i) Know how alcohol can affect nutritional status and how it is metabolized in the body. (a.i.1) Alcohol interferes with : (a.i.1.a) Digestion (a.i.1.b) Storage (a.i.1.c) Utilization (a.i.1.d) Excretion of nutrients (a.i.1.d.i) Important Excreted minerals a.i.1.d.i.1. Calcium a.i.1.d.i.2. Magnesium a.i.1.d.i.3. Potassium a.i.1.d.i.4. Zinc (a.i.1.d.ii) Interferes with the absorption of vitamins a.i.1.d.ii.1. Vitamin B-1 a.i.1.d.ii.2. Vitamin B-6 a.i.1.d.ii.3. Vitamin B-12 a.i.1.d.ii.4. Folate (formation of red and white blood cells) a.i.1.d.ii.5. Vitamin A (night blindness) a.i.1.d.ii.6. Vitamin D (stiffening of the bones) Mental impairment (decision making) (a.i.2) Alcohol causes Physical Impairment (a.i.2.a) Depends on the individual’s tolerance (a.i.2.b) Slurred speech and stumbling (a.i.3) Alcohol can impair the way the body controls blood sugar levels (a.i.3.a) Hyperglycemia—up (a.i.3.b) Hypoglycemia—down (a.i.4) Metabolized in the body (a.i.4.a.i) Takes one hour to process one standard drink a.i.4.a.i.1. Alcohol goes anywhere blood goes, metabolized by the liver through oxidation a.ii) Know the definition of a standard drink. (a.ii.1) Beer: 12 ounces (a.ii.2) Wine: 4 ounces (a.ii.3) Hard Liquor: 1.25 ounce of 80 proof liquor or 1 ounce of 100 proof liquor (a.ii.4) A single serving of alcohol is an ounce of pure alcohol (a.ii.5) Alcohol only contains calories (a.ii.5.a) No minerals or vitamins (a.ii.5.b) 7 calories/gram (a.ii.5.c) Hard liquor equation (a.ii.5.c.i) (a.ii.5.d) Beer or wine equation (a.ii.5.d.i) a.iii) Know the risk factors for alcoholism. (a.iii.1) Family history of alcoholism
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FDNS 2100 Final Exam Study Guide (a.iii.2) Heavy social drinking a.iv) Know the guidelines for low risk drinking. (a.iv.1) Use a designated driver—have a friend “check up” (a.iv.2) Use “mocktails” or non-alcoholic drinks (a.iv.3) Set limits for yourself—you call the shots (a.iv.4) Avoid drinking games (a.iv.5) Eat before drinking (a.iv.6) Get help for alcohol poisoning (a.iv.7) Don’t drink if you are sick (a.iv.8) One drink per hour (a.iv.9) Stop at three drinks on any given day Maternal Lifecycle Nutrition a.i) Know the vitamins that are important for blood production and cell growth during pregnancy. (a.i.1) Iron (a.i.1.a) Blood Production (a.i.2) B Vitamins (a.i.2.a) Folate and B12 for blood production and cell growth a.ii) Know the recommended weight gain during pregnancy for an underweight, normal, overweight, and obese woman. (a.ii.1) Normal (a.ii.1.a) 25-35 lbs (a.ii.2) Underweight (a.ii.2.a) 28-40 lbs (a.ii.2.b) Underweight women should gain extra weight (a.ii.3) Overweight (a.ii.3.a) 15-25 lbs (a.ii.3.b) Overweight women should not lose weight, but just gain less a.iii) Know the benefits of breastfeeding for the mother. (a.iii.1) Postpartum Amenorrhea (a.iii.1.a) Ovulation is delayed during lactation (a.iii.1.b) This spaces out pregnancies (a.iii.2) Decrease in Breast and Uterine Cancer (a.iii.2.a) Risk decreases the longer a woman breastfeeds.
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