FDNSFinalStudyGuide - FDNS 2100 Final Exam Study Guide...

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FDNS 2100 Final Exam Study Guide Alcohol and Nutrition Know how alcohol can affect nutritional status and how it is metabolized in the body Nutritional status: - alcohol interferes with 1) digestion, 2) storage, 3) utilization and 3) excretion of nutrients such as B-1, B-6, B-12, folate (formation of red and white cells), Vit A (night blindness), and Vit D (stiffening of bones) - Can impair the way the body controls blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia: up; hypoglycemia: down) - ONLY contains calories (no minerals or vitamins); 7 cal/g; cal = ounces x proof x .8 for hard liquor; cal = ounces x % alcohol x 1.6 for beer and wine Metabolized in body : take 1 hour to process 1 standard drink (½ fl oz of pure alcohol). - Alcohol goes anywhere blood goes, metabolized by the liver through oxidation - 1) mental impairment (decision making) 2) Physical impairment (depends on individual tolerance; slurred speech, stumbling) Know the definition of a standard drink Any drink containing ½ fluid ounce of pure alcohol. 12 oz Beer 4 oz Wine 1 1/4 oz shot Know the risk factors for alcoholism family history of alcoholism heavy social drinking Know the guidelines for low risk drinking · You call the shots · Zero- if sick · 1- one drink per hour · three- stop at 3 drinks on any given day - D.D., mocktail /non alcohol drink, limits, “check up” friend, avoid drinking games, eat before Maternal lifecycle nutrition Know the vitamins that are important for blood production and cell growth during pregnancy · Iron- blood production · Cell growth- B vitamins especially vitamin B12 and folate for blood production and cell growth Know the recommended weight gain during pregnancy for an underweight, normal, overweight, and obese woman
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· Normal: 25-35 lbs · Underweight: 28-40 lbs, gain extra weight · Overweight: 15-25 lbs, no weight loss just gain less · Obese: 15 lbs minimum (11-20 lbs) Know the benefits of breastfeeding for the mother · postpartum amenorrhea i.e. ovulation is delayed during lactation. . this spaces out pregnancies - decrease in breast and uterine cancer risk the longer a woman breastfeeds
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FDNSFinalStudyGuide - FDNS 2100 Final Exam Study Guide...

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