1-22-10 - 1-22-10 1) Archaeology describes, interprets, and...

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Unformatted text preview: 1-22-10 1) Archaeology describes, interprets, and reconstructs human behavior and cultural patterns through material remains. 2) Relative dating stratigraphy paramount and base concept 3) Absolute dating scientific method 4) Law of superposition in geoplogy 5) Contexts are single events or actions that leave discreet, detectable traces in the archaeological sequence or stratigraphy a.i) Layers a.ii) Features 6) Cuts: if the former's creation removed a part of the latter. 7) Overlies: context is overlying when the overlying layer is above another 8) Above a) Later, vertically above but not necessarily physical contact 9) Below a) Earlier, vertically below but not necessarily physical contact 10) Butts: When it was created later and contacts that other but in general does not have a vertical physical relationship above. 11) Same as: further investigation discovered the same one as another context but assigned a different context number in error. 12) Typology is the classification of remains according to their characteristics 13) Regional survey (systematic survey) a) Settlement pattern: the distribution of sites within a particular region b) Gathers settlement patterns over large areas, creates data. ...
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