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January 25 - j.i Research Design j.ii)Survey(j.ii.1...

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January 25, 2010 1) Archaeology a) Studies people, not dinosaurs. b) Studies material remains such as arrowheads, burial mounds, people’s trash c) Infer past behavior based on material remains d) Artifacts: objects that have been made or modified by humans, and usually small enough to be carried. Ex. Arrow heads, pottery, masks, etc… e) Ecofacts: plant and animal remains that were used by humans, but not modified. Ex. Bones, pollen (tells you about the environment at that time) f) Features: non-portable evidence of human activities ex. Bones, graves, g) Physical Anthropology g.i)Sex g.ii) Age g.iii) Height/weight g.iv) Diseases h) NAHPRA: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (1990) h.i)Native Americans have rights to the remains of ancestors and sacred objects h.ii) Repatriation of human remains and sacred objects i) Archaeologists (i.i.1) Study people, by looking at what they left behind (i.i.2) Look at: artifacts, Ecofacts, and features (i.i.3) Not: dinosaurs, rocks, or treasure j) Archaeological Investigation
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Unformatted text preview: j.i) Research Design j.ii)Survey (j.ii.1) Walk-over surveys (j.ii.2) Shovel tests (j.ii.2.a) Total station: survey the land (j.ii.2.b) What is a magnetometer? j.iii) Research design, Survey, excavation, analysis (j.iii.1) Analysis (j.iii.1.a) Clean (j.iii.1.b) Sort into categories (j.iii.1.b.i) General types (j.iii.1.b.ii) Use (j.iii.1.c) Dating (j.iii.1.c.i) Relative Dating Techniques j.iii.1.c.i.1. Stratigraphy and the Law of Superposition j.iii.1.c.i.1.a. The soil level at the top of the ground is the youngest j.iii.1.c.i.2. Seriation j.iii.1.c.i.3. Dendrochronology (tree ring dating) j.iii.1.c.i.4. Radiocarbon Dating (C-14) j.iii.1.c.i.4.a. Organic materials (carbon) j.iii.1.c.i.4.b. Radioactive decay of C-14 j.iii.1.c.i.4.c. Decay starts at death j.iii.1.c.i.5. Cultural resource management (CRM) j.iii.1.c.i.5.a. Phase I: Survey and Assessment j.iii.1.c.i.5.b. Phase II: Excavation j.iii.1.c.i.5.c. Phase III: Mitigation j.iii.1.c.i.5.d....
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January 25 - j.i Research Design j.ii)Survey(j.ii.1...

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