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Hormonal contraceptives

Hormonal contraceptives - Contraception Methods...

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Contraception Methods Hormonal contraceptives   Hormonal contraceptives alter the normal menstrual cycle, inhibiting ovulation, altering  the endometrial lining, and thickening cervical mucus. Mechanism of Action Advantages of hormonal contraceptives include decreased dysmenorrhea, decreased menstrual blood loss, and reliability Requires addition of condom for STI protection or as back-up with user error Side effects may include nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, breakthrough bleeding, headaches, mood changes, decreased libido, or weight change May cause serious health issues; advise hormonal contraceptive users not to smoke and teach reportable symptoms of possible complications: A bdominal pain (severe) C hest pain H eadache (severe) E ye problems (blurred, double vision) S evere leg pain, redness, and swelling › Shortness of breath › Worsening depression › Jaundice
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Contraception Methods Contraindications to hormonal contraceptives › History of heart attack, stroke, blood clot; estr › History of breast or female reproductive canc › Diabetes with vascular involvement; estrogen › Impaired liver function; OCs are metabolized existing liver disease › Suspected or confirmed pregnancy › Uncontrolled hypertension; increased risk for › Smoker over 35 years of age; increases the ris › History of migraine headaches (with aura); in › Major surgery planned with immobilization; i Barrier Methods Prevents conception by blocking entry of sperm into the cervix Diaphragm   • Dome-shaped rubber cup with a flexible ring that fits over the cervix; regularly examine integrity of rubber • Inserted with spermicide applied to dome before intercourse and left in place for at least 6 hours after intercourse • Should not be left in place more than 24 hours due to risk of toxic shock syndrome • Additional spermicide may be added with diaphragm still in place for repeated intercourse • Diaphragm is custom fitted and must be refitted with 20 pound weight change and after a
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Hormonal contraceptives - Contraception Methods...

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