Pol 201 - B PLATO AND THE BEST CITY IN SPEECH Polis Greek...

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B. PLATO AND THE BEST CITY IN SPEECH Polis- Greek city-state, city and surrounding area - A common culture, religion, politics – THICK COMMUNITY 1. Background From Athens, Number of regime changes a) The Sophists traveling educators, informal, tutors Themes in teaching 1. Made a distinction between law and nature Law – nomos – conventional Nature – physis – natural 2. Rhetoric is preeminent 3. Claimed to teach political virtue b) Socrates - Thought sophist taught what people wanted to here Sophistry – changing your argument for what others -What is known is from 4 texts Born around 470 BC Pericles – chief magistrate of Athens (460-430BC) Peloponnesian war – defeat of Athens Rule of 30 tyrants Around 400 BC democracy is returned Put on trial in 399 BC (Apology) - votes to be put to death - he asks to take his own death by committing suicide and does What we got from Socrates 1. Inductive reasoning -small details put together for big picture 2. Socratic method – teaches by asking questions 3. Insisted on demand for General Definitions 4. Truth about the right way to live -first step is to admit your own ignorance
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Part I: Political Thinking as Questions OUTLINE 5. Virtue through philosophy c) Plato – student of Socrates - Taught Aristotle - He wanted a political career but Socrates made him a philosopher - He leaves Athens after Socrates death - In 387 BC he establishes the Academy - He taught Aristotle - Dies in 346 BC 2. Dialogues – works of philosophy as conversation a) Apology - An explanation/defense. Not an apology. - He is wiser because he recognizes his own ignorance
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Pol 201 - B PLATO AND THE BEST CITY IN SPEECH Polis Greek...

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