enligtenment - Chien Chiu Hsiung Professor Mondelli Section...

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Chien Chiu Hsiung Professor Mondelli Section 0273 November 2, 2009 During the late 18 th century, political revolutions in France were fueled by the Enlightenment notions of sovereignty and equality. The revolution brought out new structure of government and brought freedom and liberty to people. Rousseau, Robespierre, and Condorcet argue their different approach to equality, while revolutionizing the state as a democracy. Rousseau theory of sovereignty applied to Robespierre notions of government should be governed by the principles of democracy and not by the principle of despotic government who tyrannizes the people. Both have some similar idea of how the new government should be established. According to Rousseau, the enlightenment ideal of sovereignty should be given to the people, but there must be a government in place that has the authority in enforcing the general public. Similarly, Robespierre believes the new form of government must be democratic or popular government and people and government relation is also necessary for democracy. Robespierre believes the fundamental principle of the democratic state is “virtue.” 1 According to Robespierre, virtue is “the love of country and of its laws” (Robespierre 1967, 102). Also, virtue is the “soul of democracy” because it can only exist in the government. Republican virtue is required both relation to the people and the relation to the government
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enligtenment - Chien Chiu Hsiung Professor Mondelli Section...

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