final paper - Hsiung Chien Chiu Hsiung Latin@ Diasporas May...

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Hsiung Chien Chiu Hsiung Latin@ Diasporas May 11, 2011 The United States is a country built upon a history of immigration and yet today, this country is passing immigration reforms. Immigration issues have become a hot topic in Congress in the past decades. To combat illegal immigrants entering into the U.S., the government have built high border fence all along the California, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona and they boost up military portal in those area. The border has becoming a dangerous place because of the war against the drug cartel. Many bodies have been found along the Mexico-U.S. border and it is not stopping migrants from crossing the border. Many are heading to "El Norte" because the wages are higher in America than Mexico. North American Free Trade (NAFTA) began on January 1, 1994 was intended to create a common market which focused on removing all tariff barriers between Mexico, Canada, and the U.S. Even after all these years, NAFTA have fallen short on it promises. Jobs have been lost on all three countries, the economy went downhill especially in Mexico, and caused the rise of illegal immigrants throughout North America as a result of NAFTA. Mexican immigrants both legal and illegal have been coming to the U.S. in waves since NAFTA began sixteen years ago. Mexicans are the second largest group of immigrant in the U.S. According to Julia Preston, a New York Times journalist stated that in 2007, illegal immigrants in the U.S. have reached 12 million but it has fell to about 11.1 million in 2009 (Preston Sec. A Pg. 20). This shows a first decline in two decades according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center. The decline is due to intense border security in the southwest. According to the Pew Research Center in 2008, there are about 12.7 million illegal Mexican immigrants living in the U.S. ("Pew Hispanic Center"). In addition, 32% of all
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Hsiung immigrants living here in the U.S. are Mexicans ("Pew Hispanic Center"). However, the number of Mexicans living in the U.S. without legal status did not change much from 2007 to 2009. About 7 million Mexicans make up about 60% of all illegal immigrants and it is by far the largest group (Preston Sec. A Pg. 20). In the recent years, recession in the U.S. economy and intense border security have brought a reduction of at least 900,000 illegal immigrants. Still, more than 11 million undocumented immigrants reside here. Florida, Virginia, and Nevada showed the largest reductions because of the decline in home construction (Preston Sec. A Pg. 20). As the border become harder to cross, people are paying more to hire smugglers and when they compared the cost of getting here to the payoff from employment it is just not worth their lives. Therefore, it is changing the decisions of many migrants to come to U.S. (Preston Sec. A Pg. 20). In recent years, crossing the border has become a very dangerous journey because it is becoming a route for drug traffickers and bodies have been discovered across the border. Despite
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final paper - Hsiung Chien Chiu Hsiung Latin@ Diasporas May...

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