Chapter 3 Study Guide - Chapter 3 Study Guide Mood...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 3 Study Guide Mood Disorders • Mixed Manic episode o Manic symptoms while feeling depressed o Become anxious/depressed about their uncontrollability • Major Depressive Episode o Most severe depression o Depressed mood state lasting more than 2 weeks Includes cognitive feelings of worthlessness and disturbed physical functions (altered sleeping patterns, significant changes in appetite and weight- loss of energy Anhedonia • Loss of interest in everything o Unable to experience pleasure o Duration if left untreated 9 months o Mania Abnormally exaggerated elation, joy or Euphoria • Find extreme pleasure in every activity- some compare a continuous orgasm • Duration of one week last 3-6 months if untreated • If untreated it will remit on its own after 6 months People with mania are more susceptible to develop bipolar disorder • Mania is rarely alone Hypomania • Less severe version of a manic episode • Does not cause marked impairment in social occupational functioning (not necessarily problematic) • Major depressive disorder- single episode o Absence of manic/hypomanic episodes before or during disorder • Major Depressive Disorder- recurrent o 2 or more major depressive disorders separated by at least two months of non depressive symptoms o Usually have a family history of depression • Dysthymic disorder o Milder than depressive disorder (recurrent) o Persistent depressed mood continuing for 2 plus years o Cannot be symptom free for more than two months o Differs from Major depressive disorder only in severity (chronicity and number of symptoms) - - milder, fewer and last longer • Double Depression o Have major depressive disorder and dysthymia o Dysthymia develops first at an early age o Associated with psychopathology • Onset for depressive disorders o 25- - seems to be decreasing o 90% remission rate after 1 st severe episode within 5 year period 38% recover o Onset before 21 Greater chronicity Relatively poor prognosis (response to treatment) Stronger likelyhood of disorder running in the family o May last 20-30 years o More likely to attempt suicide than Major depressive disorder • Pathological/ impacted grief reaction o Extreme reaction to the death of a loved one involving psychotic features, suicidal ideation or severe loss of weight persisting more than 2 months Bipolar Disorders • Manic episodes alter with major depressive episodes • Bipolar I o Major depression mixed with hypomanic No full manic • Bipolar II o Major depression mixed with full manic • Patients often deny that they have a problem o Especially when in the full manic episodes...
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Chapter 3 Study Guide - Chapter 3 Study Guide Mood...

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