ch14 - Chapter 14 Behavior: How Do Animals Interact with...

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Chapter 14 Behavior: How Do Animals Interact with Other Animals? 1. When young wolf puppies are at play, they are training for all of the following adult activities EXCEPT: a. pack structure/behavior b. survival skills c. hunting d. exchange of ideas e. bonding Ans: d 2. Ethologists, such as Niko Tinbergen research: a. the mechanisms that cause behavior b. how behaviors develop c. how behaviors evolve d. what the survival value is for a particular behavior e. all of the above Ans: e 3. If two mammals in the same stage of life, such as a puppy and kitten are presented with the same stimulus (such as a ball of yarn), they will behave a. exactly the same b. both behave very vocally and physically c. very differently d. in similar illogical patterns e. indifferent to the stimulus Ans: c 4. What controversy was largely ignited by the arguments between the ethologists and comparative behaviorists? a. Nature vs. Natural b. Nature vs. Nurture c. Eukaryote vs. Prokaryote d. Nature vs. Suture 5
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Chapter 14 e. Instinct vs. Learning Ans: b 5. In the 1920’s Ivan Pavlov conducted a classic experiment on learning in dogs. Normally when dogs see food, they salivate. Pavlov rung a bell each time the dogs were fed. Eventually, the dogs a. salivated at the sound of the bell even when food was not presented b. stopped salivating at the sight of food and the bell was not needed c. salivated at the sound of the bell only when food presented d. salivated continually without stimulus of bell or food e. ceased to salivate at all Ans: a 6. What is the name of the process by which a classically conditioned response disappears when the relationship between the stimulus and the response is no longer reinforced? a. stoppage b. deconditioning c. distinction d. extinction e. reconditioning Ans: d 7. Learning is defined as changes in behavior that result from experience and that cannot be explained in terms of increasing maturity, sensory adaptation, or fatigue. Which of the following scenarios involve learning? a. A girl walks into a darkened apartment and stumbles over a chair. Waiting for her eyes to adjust to the dark, she then navigates the room avoiding obstacles. b. Her roommate has lived in the apartment for years and can easily navigate the room even in the dark c. When the roommate comes home, tired after an exhausting day, she trips over a chair that has not been moved d. A 13 year old visitor trips over the chair even with the lights on, a tendency not seen later when he is 16 e. None of these scenarios involve learning Ans: b 6
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Chapter 14 8. A hungry rat is placed in a cage. The cage has no food in it, but there is a lever in the cage. While exploring the cage, the rat accidentally pushes the lever downward. When he does, a tasty food pellet drops into the cage through a hole. After about a day, the rat begins to hit the lever on a regular basis receiving food each time. This is an example of __________. a. habituation
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2011 for the course BIOL 100 taught by Professor Hurley during the Spring '09 term at Idaho State University.

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ch14 - Chapter 14 Behavior: How Do Animals Interact with...

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