Chapter 4 - Study Guide - POLS 101I-American National...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POLS 101I-American National Government Hagan Chapter Four Civil Liberties: Protecting Individual Rights Learning Objectives Having read the chapter, the students should be able to do each of the following: 3536. Explain why issues of constitutional individual rights or civil liberties have become more complex in contemporary times. 3537. Trace the evolution of the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the right of free expression through both the early and modern periods. Important concepts such as the preferred position doctrine, prior restraint, libel, and slander should also be understood. Discuss the extension of its guarantees to state governments through the Fourteenth Amendment. 3538. Distinguish between procedural and substantive due process. Outline the historical development of the federal judiciary’s application of due process protections. 3539. Review key Supreme Court decisions relating to the right of privacy. 3540. Discuss the significance of the establishment and free exercise clauses in relation to freedom of religion. 3541. Explain how the rights of the accused have been protected through Supreme Court rulings. 3542. Summarize the role of the courts in a free society. Focus and Main Points The author focuses on civil liberties issues in this chapter. He examines a range of specific individual rights and their evolution over time. These rights include freedom of speech, religion, and privacy. However, these rights are constantly being balanced against competing individual rights and society’s collective interests, making these increasingly complex and important in contemporary American politics. The main points of this chapter are as follows: Freedom of expression is the most basic of democratic rights. Like all rights, however, it is limited. Free expression recently has been strongly supported by the Supreme Court. Due process of law refers to legal protections (primarily procedural safeguards) that are designed to ensure that individual rights are respected by government. During the last half century in particular, the civil liberties of individual Americans have been substantially broadened in law and given greater judicial protection from action by all levels of government. Of special significance has been the Supreme Court’s use of the Fourteenth Amendment to protect individual rights from action by state and local governments. Individual rights are constantly being weighed against the demands of majorities and the collective needs of society. All political institutions are involved in this process, as is public opinion. It is the judiciary that plays the central role in it and is the institution that is most partial to the protection of civil liberties. Chapter Summary In their search for personal liberty, Americans added the Bill of Rights to the Constitution shortly after its ratification. These amendments guarantee certain political, procedural, and property rights against infringement by the national government. Freedom of expression is the most basic of democratic rights. People
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern