Unit 3 Study Guide

Unit 3 Study Guide - Unit 3 Study Guide Mood Disorders...

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Unit 3 Study Guide Mood Disorders Characterized by gross deviation in mood Structure of all o Unipolar Depressed or manic Mixed Manic episode Manic symptoms while feeling depressed Become anxious/depressed about their uncontrollability Major Depressive Episode o Most severe depression o Depressed mood state lasting more than 2 weeks Includes cognitive feelings of worthlessness and disturbed physical functions (altered sleeping patterns, significant changes in appetite and weight- loss of energy To the point where the slightest movement requires overwhelming amounts of effort Anhedonia Loss of interest in everything o Unable to experience pleasure o Large contributor o Duration if left untreated 9 months o Mania Second state in major depressive disorder Abnormally exaggerated elation, joy or Euphoria Find extreme pleasure in every activity- some compare a continuous orgasm
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Duration of one week Irritability at the end of episode Can last 3-6 months if untreated If untreated it will remit on its own after 6 months People with mania are more susceptible to develop bipolar disorder Mania is rarely alone Most common to see a mix of Euphoria and irritability Hypomanic Less severe version of a manic episode Does not cause marked impairment in social occupational functioning (not necessarily problematic) Depressive Disorders Major depressive disorder- single episode o Absence of manic/hypomanic episodes before or during disorder Major Depressive Disorder- recurrent o 2 or more major depressive disorders separated by at least two months of non depressive symptoms o Usually have a family history of depression Dysthymic disorder o Milder than depressive disorder (recurrent) o Persistent depressed mood continuing for 2 plus years o Cannot be symptom free for more than two months o Differs from Major depressive disorder only in severity (chronicity and number of symptoms) - - milder, fewer and last longer o Klein Studies 86 adults with dysthymia 5 year follow up
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53% recovered 45% relapsed All spent 70% meeting full criteria for mood disorder All children with dysthymia eventually recovered Common for major depressive disorder and dysthymia to co-occur Double Depression o Have major depressive disorder and dysthymia o Dysthymia develops first at an early age o Associated with psychopathology Onset for depressive disorders o 25- - seems to be decreasing o Before 1905 1% become depressed before 75 o After 1955 6% become depressed before 24 o 90% remission rate after 1 st severe episode within 5 year period 38% recover o Onset before 21 Greater chronicity Relatively poor prognosis (response to treatment) Stronger likelyhood of disorder running in the family o May last 20-30 years
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Unit 3 Study Guide - Unit 3 Study Guide Mood Disorders...

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