CHAPTER II CANDLES

CHAPTER II CANDLES - CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED...

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CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter provides information and studies related to and relevant to the current study. Related literature Just like any materials, candles that have been using today have also its history. According to Wikipedia, the definition of candle is a “solid block of fuel (commonly wax) and an embedded wick, which is lit to provide light, and sometimes heat. Today, most candles are made from paraffin. Candles can also be made from beeswax, soy, other plant waxes, and tallow (a by-product of beef-fat rendering). Gel candles are made from a mixture of paraffin and plastic.” 1 . These are illuminating candle made of a fibre wick enclosed in a cylinder of wax of fatty material. Beeswax candles were used by the Romans, and tallow (animal fat) candles have made in Europe since the middle ages. In the 18 th century, spermaceti, a wax from the heads of whales, was first used in making candles. Since the mid-19 th century, ordinary candles have been made from mixture of paraffin wax, stearic acid (a solid fatty
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CHAPTER II CANDLES - CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED...

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