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37749-PHI-RF - Resettlement Planning Document Resettlement...

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Resettlement Planning Document Resettlement Framework Document Stage: Final Project Number: 37749-01 February 2008 PHI: AGRARIAN REFORM COMMUNITIES PROJECT II Prepared by the Department of Agrarian Reform, Government of the Philippines. The resettlement framework is a document of the borrower. The views expressed herein do not express those of ADB’s Board of Directors, Management, or staff, and may be considered preliminary in nature.
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A. Project Rationale 1. The lack of equitable access to the means of production, including land, capital, technology, information and markets, leads to poverty among large sections of the rural population of the Philippines. Rural poverty is widespread in the Philippines. Around three quarters of the poor living in rural areas are to be found in southern Luzon, Mindanao, and Visayas. 2. In 1988, in response to the problems of widespread inequity in land distribution, and consequent peasant unrest, the Government introduced legislation for the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP). The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) is the designated agency responsible for the implementation of CARP. CARP has had positive impacts wherever it has been implemented in a holistic manner, including the award of clear land titles, rural infrastructure support, and community mobilization and organization of agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs) into organizations. However, this wholistic approach has been limited in its application to agrarian reform communities 1 (ARCs), mainly on account of limited availability of budgetary resources. A large number of ARCs (almost 50%), and large numbers of ARBs living outside ARCs, still lack clear individual land titles, and access to basic infrastructure, new and improved technology, institutional credit, markets, and well developed peoples’ organizations. Besides, past approaches have tended to ignore the non ARB populations in the ARCs and their vicinity. A fundamental change in the outlook as well as concepts of rural development will be required and an agri-business approach to be adopted for poverty reduction in rural areas. An inclusive approach to rural development will be needed to underpin an enlarged concept of agrarian reform communities. Such an approach can include larger areas contiguous to ARCs, as well as non ARB populations located there, within the ambit of interventions aimed at stimulating commercialization of the rural economy. This is expected to bring about increased efficiency and economies of scale, in commercialized production and marketing, create employment opportunities, and improvement in access to services. 3. Under the Agrarian Reform Communities Project, (ARCP) , ADB has assisted the coverage of 165 ARCs in 35 provinces, with provision of rural infrastructure, land survey and titling, development support including agricultural development, community and institutional development, rural credit, and project management support. ARCP has been successful in achieving its targets with high rates of utilization of project financing. Targets for most of the
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