ch7.1-7.3 - Ch.7 Memory (233-270) 7.1 Types of Memory...

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Ch.7 Memory (233-270) 7.1 Types of Memory EBBINGHAUS’S PIONEERING STUDIES OF MEMORY -Ebbinghaus taught new material so he knew exactly what someone had learned and when METHODS OF TESTING MEMORY free recall: produce a response, as you do on essay tests/short answer (simplest meth) cued recall: receive significant hints about the material recognition: third method of testing memory, someone chooses correct item among several options. ppl recognize more items than they recall (Mult.choice) savings method (relearning method): detects weak memories by comparing the speed of original learning to the speed of learning -measure of memory: amt of time saved (time needed for original learning minus the time for relearning) explicit (direct) memory: free recall, cued recall, recognition, and savings are tests of it. someone who states an answer regards it as a product of memory implicit memory (indirect memory): an experience influences what you say or do even though you might not be aware of the influence -reading or hearing a word temporarily primes that word and increases the chance that you will use it yourself procedural memories: memories of motor skills such as walking/eating declarative memories: memories we can readily state in words APPLICATION: SUSPECT LINEUPS AS RECOGNITION MEMORY -(identifying criminals) sequential lineups [Y/N] greatly decreases the number of false identifications -when taking mc test, pick the best available choice CHILDREN AS EYEWITNESSES -when child is asked same question 2-3x , often changes answers, assuming first is wrong -using doll props. children often act out events that did not happen. - child who doesn’t understand a question usually answers “yes” THE INFORMATION-PROCESSING VIEW OF MEMORY information-processing model: compares human memory to that of a computer:info that enters the system is processed coded, stored ~Short term, long-term memory -2 types of long-term memory semantic: memory of principles and acts, nearly everything you learn from school episodic memory: memory for specific events in your life (more fragile) source amnesia: forgetting where of how you learned something chunking: grouping items into meaningful sequences or clusters
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This note was uploaded on 10/11/2011 for the course PSY 1 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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ch7.1-7.3 - Ch.7 Memory (233-270) 7.1 Types of Memory...

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