PsychdiscFinalReview

PsychdiscFinalReview - Psy Disc. Review Final 12/2/10...

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Psy Disc. Review Final 12/2/10 spreading activation (p281): how are concepts organized in our minds? concepts are net- worked and can trigger thinking about related concepts. -what first comes to mind when you see the color “red”? (apples, firetrucks) attentional blink (279): momentary lapse in awareness that occurs after a stimulus catches the brain’s attention. Ex: detecting two letters in a string of digits flashed quickly on a screen algorithms vs. heuristics (287) -algorithms: alphabetizing a list of words -heuristics: simplified problem solving (mental shortcuts) Ex: representativeness, avail- ability errors in cognition(290) -overconfidence: believe estimates are more accurate than they actually are -confirmation bias: attending to info that confirms our ideas (self-fulfilling prophencies) DEVELOPMENT Piaget’s cognitive development (161) -schema: organized way of interacting with objects in the world; what behavior is based on. grow up as we grow up. Ex: babies putting objects in mouth to find out if they’re edible assimilation: applying old schema to new objects or problems. fit practice to theory, like when you meet someone and categorize them under a stereotype accommodation: modifying old schema to fit a new object of problem. theory to practice, like when you meet someone who doesn’t fit into a stereotype, and then build a new ste- reotype 4 stages of development
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PsychdiscFinalReview - Psy Disc. Review Final 12/2/10...

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