{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Lecture - 1 - March 30th

Lecture - 1 - March 30th - THE STORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Chapter...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 0 THE STORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
THE STORY OF PSYCHOLOGY 1850 - 1909 Herman Ebbinghaus “Psychology has a long past, but only a short history.”
Image of page 2
FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY The First Psychology Experiment? Performed by Psamtik 1, king of Egypt, in the 7th century BC. Wanted to know: Is Egypt the oldest civilization? Experiment: Raise children in isolation; if Egypt is the oldest, they should spontaneously speak Egyptian. Result: Apparently they spoke, but not Egyptian! Morton Hunt ( 1993 ) credits the king “for having had the highly original notion that thoughts arise in the mind through internal processes that can be investigated.”
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
THE STORY OF PSYCHOLOGY 1850 - 1909 Herman Ebbinghaus “Psychology has a long past, but only a short history.”
Image of page 4
THE STORY OF PSYCHOLOGY 1724 - 1804 Immanuel Kant No science of mind is possible, in part, because no aspect of mental life can be measured or investigated experimentally.
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY Mental Chronometry 1818 - 1889 Francis Donders Francis Donders, a dutch physiologist, became interested in objectively quantifying the speed of mental processes ( e.g., discrimination and choice ) . Foot shock Press Key LFoot shock Press Key RFoot shock Press Key 230ms 150ms __ 80ms Mental actions of discrimination and choic e = This mental chronometry seemed to o ff er an objective way of measuring mental processes.
Image of page 6
FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychophysics 1801 - 1887 Gustav Theodor Fechner How does physical energy get translated into mental representation? He systematically varied the intensity of physical stimuli and had people report their subjective impressions. He found that for a wide range of stimuli that the subjective impression of a stimulus increases in proportion to the logarithm of the intensity of the physical stimulus. He demonstrated that we could measure subjective experience and relate it to the objective world in a lawful way. He thus set the stage for the development of scientific psychology!
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1832 - 1920 Wilhelm Wundt Saw that an empirical psychology was possible and thus fought to establish its independence. Publishes Principles of Physiological Psychology in 1874 in which he explicitly outlined the methodology and scope of psychology as science. THE BIRTH OF PSYCHOLOGY Wilhelm Wundt - Founder of Psychology “To throw light upon the totality of life processes from the points of view gained by investigations of this area and in this way perhaps to mediate a total comprehension of human existence.”
Image of page 8
1832 - 1920 Wilhelm Wundt Establishes first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig in 1879. Using a variety of methods, he researched sensation, perception, memory and feelings. Chief among his methods was “experimental self - observation.” THE BIRTH OF PSYCHOLOGY Wilhelm Wundt - Founder of Psychology Experimental Self - Observation Expose subjects to standard, repeatable situations and ask them to respond with simple, quantifiable responses.
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern