Lecture - 3 - April 4th

Lecture - 3 - April 4th - THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Research...

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Unformatted text preview: THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Research Designs Case Study Survey Naturalistic Observation Experiment Description Example Advantages Disadvantages In depth investigation of a single individual using direct interview, direct observation, and other techniques Detailed study of an individual with a neurological disorder ( e.g., a phantom limb ) THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Research Designs 1. The Case Study Example : Neurological Plasticity and Phantom Limbs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sq6u4XVrr58 THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Research Designs Case Study Survey Naturalistic Observation Experiment Description Example Advantages Disadvantages In depth investigation of a single individual using direct interview, direct observation, and other techniques Detailed study of an individual with a neurological disorder ( e.g., a phantom limb ) Well- suited for studying certain phenomena; can provide strong support for a theory Subjectivity makes it easy to see what one wants to see; clinical samples often not representative Sexually coercive tendencies of men Use of questionnaires to obtain self- reported attitudes or behaviors of a particular group THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Research Designs 2. Survey Example: Coercive Sexual Behavior How frequently do men engage in sexually coercive acts? Rapaport and Burkhart ( 1984 ) administered a questionnaire to 201 college men, inquiring as to the frequency with which they have engaged in a number of sexually coercive acts. THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Research Designs 2. Survey Example: Coercive Sexual Behavior Held a womans hand 57 34 7 1 Kissed a woman 47 41 10 2 Placed hand on womans knee 39 43 15 3 Placed hand on womans breast 39 37 18 5 Placed hand on womans thigh or crotch 42 40 16 2 Unfastened a womans clothing 51 34 13 2 Removed or disarranged a womans outer clothing 58 31 9 2 Removed or disarranged a womans under clothing 68 27 3 2 Removed own underclothing 78 18 3 2 Touched a womans genital area 63 30 6 1 Had intercourse with a woman 85 13 2 Coercive Act Engaged in Against Her Will Never Once/ Twice Several Times Often THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Research Designs 2. Survey Example: Coercive Sexual Behavior How frequently do men engage in sexually coercive acts? Their results revealed that a substantial proportion of the men had engaged in sexually coercive acts . Rapaport and Burkhart ( 1984 ) administered a questionnaire to 201 college men, inquiring as to the frequency with which they have engaged in a number of sexually coercive acts. THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Research Designs Case Study Survey Naturalistic Observation Experiment Description Example Advantages Disadvantages In depth investigation of a single individual using direct interview, direct observation, and other techniques Detailed study of an individual with a neurological disorder...
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Lecture - 3 - April 4th - THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Research...

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