Lecture - 18 - May 16th

Lecture - 18 - May 16th - TYPES OF EMOTIONS Fear 1....

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TYPES OF EMOTIONS Fear Fear describes an emotional reaction to threatening, immanent danger with a strong desire to escape the situation. Fear prepares our bodies to fee ±rom the situation and thus protects us ±rom harm Fear±ul expressions have been shown to improve peripheral vision and speed up eye movements, thus boosting sensory input ( Susskind et al., 2008 ) . 1. Description and Function
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TYPES OF EMOTIONS Fear Fears can be learned via classical conditioning, operant conditioning or observational learning Susan Mineka ( 1985, 2002 ) , for example, found that monkeys reared in captivity ( and that were not naturally afraid of snakes ) learned to to fear snakes by observing monkeys reared in the wild ( which were naturally afraid of snakes ) : after watching the wild - reared monkeys refuse to reach for food in the presence of a snake, the captivity - reared monkeys developed a fear of snakes. 2. Causes of Fear
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TYPES OF EMOTIONS Fear Fears can be learned via classical conditioning, operant conditioning or observational learning Susan Mineka ( 1985, 2002 ) , for example, found that monkeys reared in captivity ( and that were not naturally afraid of snakes ) learned to to fear snakes by observing monkeys reared in the wild ( which were naturally afraid of snakes ) : after watching the wild - reared monkeys refuse to reach for food in the presence of a snake, the captivity - reared monkeys developed a fear of snakes. Still, we are biologically predisposed to learn some fears over others: the captive monkeys, for example, didn’t learn to fear ±owers when clever editing replaces the snake with a ±ower! 2. Causes of Fear
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TYPES OF EMOTIONS Fear Fears can be learned via classical conditioning, operant conditioning or observational learning Susan Mineka ( 1985, 2002 ) , for example, found that monkeys reared in captivity ( and that were not naturally afraid of snakes ) learned to to fear snakes by observing monkeys reared in the wild ( which were naturally afraid of snakes ) : after watching the wild - reared monkeys refuse to reach for food in the presence of a snake, the captivity - reared monkeys developed a fear of snakes Still, we are biologically predisposed to learn some fears over others: the captive monkeys, for example, didn’t learn to fear ±owers when clever editing replaces the snake with a ±ower! Fearfulness seems to have a strong genetic component: among identical twins, even when reared separately, one twin’s level of fearfulness is similar to the other’s ( Lykken, 1982 ) 2. Causes of Fear
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TYPES OF EMOTIONS Fear Fears can develop into phobias, which can be either specifc ( arachnophobia - ±ear o± spiders ) or di f use ( agoraphobia - ±ear o± leaving the house ) 3. Consequences o± Fear
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TYPES OF EMOTIONS Anger Anger describes an emotional reaction to the perception that one has been o f ended or wronged in some manner Anger helps us to assert ourselves and therefore to help us to get what ( we perceive anyways ) is rightfully ours 1. Description and Function
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Lecture - 18 - May 16th - TYPES OF EMOTIONS Fear 1....

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