Lecture - 22 - May 25th

Lecture - 22 - May 25th - PERSONALITY Chapter 13...

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Chapter 13 PERSONALITY
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PERSONALITY Personality refers to an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
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THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE 1856 - 1939 Sigmund Freud Psychoanalysis is: The techniques used to expose and interpret unconscious intentions and to thereby treat psychological disorders Freud’s theory of personality that attributes thoughts, feelings and actions to unconscious motives and con±icts
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THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Personality Development: Psychosexual Stages Freud believed that the personality forms early in life as the individual passes through a number of psychosexual stages: Developmental Challenge Weaning ( from breast or bottle ) Toilet training Identifying with adult role models; coping with oedipal crisis Expanding social contacts Establishing intimate relationships; contributing to society through working
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THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Personality Development: Psychosexual Stages Oedipus Complex Electra Complex A boy’s sexual desire for his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father. A girl’s sexual desire for her father and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival mother. Identifcation
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THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Personality Development: Psychosexual Stages Freud believed that the personality forms early in life as the individual passes though 5 psychosexual stages: Developmental Challenge Weaning ( from breast or bottle ) Toilet training Identifying with adult role models; coping with oedipal crisis Expanding social contacts Establishing intimate relationships; contributing to society through working
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THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Structure of the Personality
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THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Structure of the Personality Freud saw saw a person’s behavior as the outcome of interactions among three components of the personality: 1. Id This is the primitive, instinctive component of personality. It operates on the pleasure principl e : it demands immediate grati±cation of its ( sexual and aggressive ) urges. It engages in primary - process thinking , which is primitive, illogical, irrational, and fantasy oriented.
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THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Structure of the Personality
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THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Structure of the Personality 2. Superego This is the moral component of the personality. It incorporates social standards about what represents right and wrong - how we ough t to behave. Someone with a strong superego may be virtuous yet guilt ridden; another with a weak superego may be self - indulgent and remorseless. Freud saw saw a person’s behavior as the outcome of interactions among three components of the personality:
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THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Structure of the Personality
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THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Structure of the Personality 3. Ego This is the executive - the decision - making component - of the personality. It operates according to the
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This note was uploaded on 10/11/2011 for the course PSYC 1 taught by Professor Stuartantsis during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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Lecture - 22 - May 25th - PERSONALITY Chapter 13...

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