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Unformatted text preview: ASSIGNMENTS & ANSWERS -2005 QUESTION 1 Experienced scientists are expected to... (1) only undertake research when they can prevent all errors in research (2) challenge established theories validity and reliability of theories can be confirmed or disproved. (3) regard all knowledge as reliable and therefore highly predictable must have skepticism (4) engage only in research that interests them QUESTION 2 Norms for the scientific community contain the following: (1) universalism and organised skepticism (2) universalism and neutrality as to the possible popularity or unpopularity of research results (3) communalism and honesty (4) all the above QUESTION 3 In order for research to be regarded as scientific it must... (a)entail observation and measurement (b)formulate assumptions and hypothesis (c)have a language of presentation that can only be understood by fellow researchers The answer(s) to the above question is/are... (1) (a) (2) (a) (b) (3) (c) QUESTION 4 Premature closing of enquiry can be avoided by... (1) carefully studying published research results and current thinking on a specific subject matter (2) planning for more time in which to research a problem (3) not being intimidated by bodies of authority to produce results (4) selecting a very interesting research topic that continuously fascinates the researcher QUESTION 5 Which norm of the scientific community is trespassed in the following scenario? A scientist, employed by a government medical research laboratory, discovers an agent that can drastically reduce the transmission of HIV from mother to her unborn baby. He keeps his discovery a secret. The scientist resigns from the laboratory taking the formula for the agent with him for later personal financial gain. (1) trespassing communalism in science (2) lack of interest in the welfare of people (3) entrepreneurship in the present capitalistic dominated society (4) a lack of honesty in the scientific community QUESTION 6 Usually people who travel by aeroplane do not request to see the most recent service record of the aircraft nor the license of the pilots. This behaviour is an example of... (1) experiential reality experienced before (2) blind trust in other people as if they have no care if it works or not (3) unassertive behaviour (4) agreement reality QUESTION 7 An ideal type... (a)is a mental construct (b)has to do with ideas rather than ideals (c)exists objectively (d)exaggerates essential characteristics (1) (a) (b) (c) (2) (a) (b) (d) (3) (a) (c) (d) (4) (b) (c) (d) (5) (c) (d)...
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