RSC201H Revision. - 03062007 P.Maritz 1 ST UDY UNIT 1

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03062007 P.Maritz f 6039933d4cfc55086dfb8b8453c5cfa02aa018.xlsx 1 STUDY UNIT 1 STRATEGIES OF DISCOVERY Tradition Cultural ac epted knowledge- through generations. Authority Principal, manager, leader. Religious beliefs and superstitions. Common Sense Intuition, instinct, ordinary reasoning. Media Myths TV, films, newspapers, magazines. Biased. Er ors in human inquiry: How scientists try to avoid them. Inac urate observation Careles , focus ed on 1 part, don't see al . Over generalisation Experience one/few cases, believe al are the same. "halo ef ect" Selective observation Look for things that substantiate your beliefs. Ego involvement Our beliefs significant so only ac ept those results that "proove us right" Premature closure of inquiry Universalism No mat er who or where research conducted - only judge on basis of scientific merit. Organised Scepticism Each new study must be subjected to intense scrutiny. Disinterestednes Communalism Al scientific ideas must be shared. Creative knowledge is public property. Honesty Dishonesty and/or cheating major taboo. Stages in Research 1. Defining the problem Research design or plan research problem literature review theory as umptions hypothesis research question 2. Obtaining the information sampling data col ection describing and interpreting quantitative data. describing and interpreting quanlitative data. 4. Communicating results Writing the research report. Approaches to research. Positivism Interpretivism Critical Approach Social reality multilayered, believe what we are told. Human construction, many pos ibilities. Feminism Research is male-oriented, gender should be a key catagory in research Post Modern Holistic view includes al the above factors. No priviledged position or truth. Post Coloniasm Knowledge biased as it is based on the views of colonisers (western views) Definitions: Ontological questions Addres primary is ues of reality Epistemological questions How we deal with and know things STUDY UNIT 2 The Role of Theory in Research Definitions: Theories Conceptual grounding of research Deciding on a topic to research. What research has been done and the results. Scientific and academic importance Conducting a literature review Examine al literature about the topic. Debates and arguments. Identifies gaps in knowledge Determines the feasability and credibility. Prevents duplication. Specifying a research question Identify the es ence (what and why) of research, gives clarity on where the focus lies. Framing a hypothesis A tentative statement of the relationship between phenomena to be studied. An informed gues e about what we expect to find. Operational concepts Once concepts are clearly defined, we know what we are looking for. Operationalisation involved transforming theoretical concepts into empirical variables.
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course RSC 201 taught by Professor Rsc during the Spring '11 term at University of South Africa.

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RSC201H Revision. - 03062007 P.Maritz 1 ST UDY UNIT 1

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