Techniques, devices & elementsNo.# NameDefinition Example Type of Text1AllegoryAn allegory is a symbolism device where the meaning of a greater, often abstract, concept is conveyed with the aid of a corporeal object or ideabeing used as an example. Usually a rhetoric device, an allegory suggests a meaning via metaphoric examples.Faith is like a stony uphill climb: a single stumble might send you sprawling but belief and steadfastness will see you to the very top.2AlliterationAlliteration is a literary device where words are used in quick succession and begin with letters belonging to the same sound group. Whether it is the consonant sound or a specific vowel group, thealliteration involves creating a repetition of similar sounds in the sentence. Alliterations are also created when the words all begin with the same letter. Alliterations are used to add character to thewriting and often add an element of ‘fun’ to the piece.The Wicked Witch of the West went her own way. (The ‘W’ sound is highlighted and repeated throughout the sentence.)3AllusionAn allusion is a figure of speech whereby the author refers to a subject matter such as a place, event, or literary work by way of a passing reference. It is up to the reader to make a connection to the subject being mentioned.It’s no wonder everyone refers toRachael as another Mother Teresa in the making; she loves to help and care after people everywhere- from the streets to her own friends.4AmplificationAmplification refers to a literary practice wherein the writer embellishes the sentence by adding more information to it in order to increase its worthand understandability. When a plain sentence is too abrupt and fails to convey the full implications desired, amplification comes into play when the Original sentence- The thesis paper was difficult. After amplification- The thesis paper was difficult: it required extensive research, data collection, sample surveys,
writer adds more to the structure to give it moreinterviews and a lot of fieldwork.5AnagramAnagrams are an extremely popular form of literary device wherein the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word. From the syllables of a phrase to the individual letters of a word, any fraction can be jumbled to create a new form. Anagram is a form of wordplay that allows the writer to infuse mystery and a little interactive fun in the writing so that the reader can decipher the actual word on their own and discover a depth of meaning to the writing.An anagram for "debit card" is "bad credit". As you can see, both phrases use the same letters. By mixing the letters a bit of humour is created.6AnalogyAn analogy is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas. By using an analogy we can convey a new idea by using the blueprint of an old one as a basis for understanding. With a mental linkage between the two, one can create understanding regarding the new concept in a simple and succinct manner.